Feet Anatomy: Bones, Tendons, and Ligaments…
The foot is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles and numerous tendons. Complex biomechanics keep all these parts in the right position and moving together.
Given these intricacies, it’s not surprising that most people will experience some problem with their feet at some time in their life.
The feet are divided into three sections:
- The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals).
- The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone.
- The hind foot forms the heel and ankle. The talus bone supports the leg bones (tibia and fibula), forming the ankle. The calcaneus (heel bone) is the largest bone in the foot.
Muscles, tendons, and ligaments run along the surfaces of the feet, allowing the complex movements needed for motion and balance. The Achilles’ tendon connects the heel to the calf.